Tile is considered to be a universal finish option in virtually any location and in any room. Wall tiles for the bathroom is the most practical way to refine the room. In the kitchen, this material will allow you to equip a good working area, convenient to use.
Wall tiles for the hallway would be appropriate in a house where surfaces get dirty with a record speed. The list of possible options and characteristics of the material can be continued to infinity.
Wall and floor tiles
In fact, all types of finishing materials can be divided into two groups: for ennobling the floor and for finishing the walls. It is important to understand what is their fundamental difference from a friend. Floor tiles can withstand heavy loads, both in terms of weight and in the form of mechanical damage. In this case, the characteristics of the finishing fabric, as well as its basic quality, are especially important.
Wall tiled elements in this sense are more fragile and delicate. Considering the characteristics from this position, it can be said that wall tiles cannot be laid on the floor. But the floor materials, in principle, can be used on the walls. It all depends on the design features, the weight of the tile itself, the specifics of the installation of each specific type of materials and a number of other nuances.
Ceramic wall tiles (tile) - this is the most common tile, often used for the bathroom, bathroom and kitchen. As a rule, the material is presented in the form of rectangular plates of baked clay. Wall decoration can be quite minimalistic, but often craftsmen try to lay wall tiles in mosaic.
For the manufacture of ceramics of this type are used several methods:
- Casting. Clay mass is poured on special "cliches" and give in to roasting. Production is the oldest and most expensive. The elements are obtained with jagged edges, and the sizes of one batch sometimes differ significantly. Casting today is used only in small plants or individual small factories;
- Cutting. Sawing is carried out on expensive equipment. Large travertine or sandstone webs are cut. With a small output of tiles, the production method is considered even more expensive and expensive;
- Extrusion The clay mass on a special machine is pulled out and then cut into equal fragments;
- Pressing. The most popular and cost effective way. With the help of bicotour or monocouple techniques, the material is pressed in this way. To ultimately form strong and aesthetically perfect elements.
The finished elements are coated with glaze, which gives the finished tile a very special gloss. Glazed finish looks spectacular and stylish. The decorative tile can be any colors and shades, and also be decorated with the most intricate ornaments or drawings.
The term "porcelain" refers to a group of ceramic materials that are characterized by ultra-low water absorption. Such materials have ultrahigh frost resistance.
The raw materials of which the tiles are made are approximately the same as the raw material for the production of porcelain. In appearance, porcelain tile resembles a stone. Production involves dry pressing with single firing at a record high temperature.
Unglazed tile is distinguished by a special granular granular texture, which is visible throughout the depth of the tile. Matte wall tile looks like a canvas of natural stone, but devoid of various inclusions. In addition, this material is not prone to cracking.
Uncoated porcelain tiles can be of the following types:
That wall embossed tile looks very atmospheric, allowing you to make the wall "under the natural stone." It is worth saying that the polishing process somewhat increases the final cost of products.
Glazed tile looks especially elegant. The use of glaze at the finishing stages of production does not reduce the flawless characteristics of this finishing material. However, the "tile under the stone" is more diverse in terms of design.
With the help of glaze it is possible to get an interesting color or a bold natural texture. This multicolored marble, and tile with a pattern, and the popular "white brick", and even wood imitation.
Scope of application
Given the unique resistance to low temperatures and mechanical damage, porcelain stoneware is widely used as a floor finish. However, wall decoration with ceramic granite is created just as often.
Relief tiles, formed by small "bricks", is widely used for finishing the outer surface of walls. Tile "hog" or wall embossed composition will be appropriate on non-insulated balconies and loggias. An important condition: the design must be strong and reliable.
Wall tiles for the kitchen, which is used only in summer, as well as for the design of outbuildings and the so-called "cold" rooms - this is the perfect solution. In addition, artificial marble, as well as elements that imitate stone can be laid in small quantities as the main interior accents on the wall in the bedroom, hallway, living room or corridor.
Almighty ceramics and its worthy rivals
Laying wall tiles is a true art. It is on what layout is chosen, how neatly and accurately the work is done, depends on the appearance of the canvas, as well as performance and life of the finish.
It is even more difficult to choose a tile to complement one or another design concept. The specific and stylistic variety of materials will rather confuse a potential buyer, rather than allow them to quickly determine the purchase, and there really is a choice to choose from:
- Cream marble - pastel or white wall tile looks great in the bathroom, in the kitchen, in the complex interior compositions of large and spacious living rooms;
- Brown wall tiles under the tree will favorably emphasize the perfection of the styles of the chalet, country, will make the more respectable "classics", and the interior in the eco direction will give a special touch to the modernity;
- Mosaic tiles are notable for their particularly complex decor and unusual stylistic solutions. Whatever the layout, this type of finish always looks especially luxurious in the bathroom and in the kitchen. Glossy wall tiles with a spectacular mosaic complement the expensive interiors of the hammams and saunas.
Particularly popular is the tile under the stone (both traditional brown and pastel, and bright unusual colors). It fits well into the interior of the living room or hall with a fireplace.
It is worth mentioning that the traditional tile type "tile" or "porcelain" gradually replacing the more advanced types of finishes. This is a plastic composition of PVC, and plaster tiles. The characteristics of such finishing materials are very specific.
Tiles made of plastic and plaster elements are not used for finishing walls exposed to heat. This is a “failure” option for the kitchen or fireplace. However, plastic relief tiles will create an interesting composition in the style of a loft, modern or art deco in the hallway, hallway, living room.
Always a win-win with wall tiles
Green wall tiles add a touch of freshness and naturalness to the interior of the room. Such talents have a blue, turquoise, sky-blue palette.
Black wall tiles are used in expensive modern interiors. You can use only a few tiles in order to make an expressive effect on a light canvas. Always a win-win combination - white glossy base and rich brown, almost black tile with chocolate tints. Another pertinent option is a cream matte background and black marble as a minimalist accent.
Experts advise to combine expensive tiles and cheaper finishes. This technique will allow you to save money and create an excellent exclusive interior due to unusual combinations. For example, a very cheap “hog” gypsum tile “will make friends” with more expensive sandstone, provided that the gypsum elements will mimic natural material by texture and color.
Real marble can be supplemented with quite budget (if compared with the cost of real natural stone) granite. Tile "under the stone" or "under the tree" can be quite inexpensive, enough to recall the same plastic.
However, in this case, you need to be extremely careful, thinking through the nuances with the lighting and the integrity of the interior composition in principle. For example, a creamy background, dark tile, gray furniture in small and poorly lit rooms will create an oppressive impression. In sunny rooms, such a combination would be more appropriate.
How to work with tiles?
Basically, we place tiles according to the standard scheme, when each next element is equalized at the seams with the previous one. In the end, you should get perfectly equal strips of finishing material. From the well-laid tile depends on the final impression of the interior of each room. Any defect, uneven seam, deformation, chips will attract the eye.
For lovers of unusual solutions, craftsmen usually immediately suggest various ways of arranging the selected tile. The main rule, the observance of which will allow to demonstrate excellent taste: the more complex the design of the tile, the simpler the laying scheme should be.
But simple monochrome details can be combined in a variety of ways. An interesting effect is obtained precisely due to the appearance of an interesting "web" of seams. Thus, “calm” tiles for the corridor or more recent bathroom colors are often used.
When buying a finishing material, special attention should be paid to the quality of the product, having carefully studied its characteristics. Having chosen suitable elements and having thought out the scheme of their placement on the wall, it is worthwhile to take care that the laying should be done by a really experienced specialist.
During operation, it is necessary to follow all recommendations regarding the correct care of surfaces. This will allow you to enjoy a spectacular finish for a really long time.